Inequality in food security

During the past quarter century economic development and rising living standards around the world have reduced the incidence of mass hunger and food and nutrition insecurity. Accordingly, research has shifted to a better understanding of the more specific pockets of nutrition insecurity that remain widespread. A key theme of research for the Centre will be to identify and analyze the specific characteristics of groups and/or locations where development progress has lagged or even stagnated. Even within households, differences across family members in nutritional status are associated with cultural aspects of food choices, hierarchy in having access to food, but also with prevailing feeding practices for infants and young children. Researchers across disciplines seek to understand why food choices and feeding habits are as they are, and which options are feasible to improve the nutritional and health status of specific household members (women, children). Rigorous evaluations of existing interventions are needed to identify promising pathways as well as to learn from mistakes, while transdisciplinary systems approaches are required to ensure that recommendations are taken up by local communities and households.