The paper “Disentangling urban and rural food security in West Africa” has been published

The paper “Disentangling urban and rural food security in West Africa” has been presented by its author, Lia van Wesenbeeck, on April 16, at the restricted meeting of the Food Crisis Prevention Network

04/17/2018 | 3:18 PM

The paper “Disentangling urban and rural food security in West Africa” has been presented by its author, Lia van Wesenbeeck, on April 16, at the restricted meeting of the Food Crisis Prevention Network, organized by The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) and the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD). The audience consisted of high-level policy makers from the region as well as the EU. The paper’s main message is that strategies to fight hunger and early warning systems often focus on identifying food crises rather than longer-term trends, and concentrate on rural areas. Data on the food and nutrition security situation of West Africa’s growing urban population is scarce and fragmented. Using geo-referenced information available in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), the paper estimates the total number and prevalence of under-nutrition and over-nutrition in West Africa for both urban and rural areas. The analysis reveals that almost 110 million people in West Africa are not receiving the correct nutrition for their needs. Over 58 million people in the region are underweight, 22 million of which live in cities.. Another 52 million are either overweight or obese, the large majority of whom are adult urban dwellers. This situation reveals the severity of the “double burden” of under- and over-nutrition. It also calls for greater efforts to identify appropriate metrics to monitor food and nutrition security in urban areas. The paper is published hard-cover and on-line as OECD West Africa Paper 2018, no 15 (in English and French).